Fund Workflows: How to Optimize for Operational Alpha

Discover how funds are earning operational alpha by solving for front-office workflow inefficiencies.

Verity Editorial Team
March 30, 2022

AUM keeps rising. But margins are shrinking.

While pursuing alpha is the main prerogative of investment research teams, many hedge funds and mutual funds are wringing waste out of their research process by looking at how teams drive ideas through the pipeline and into the portfolio.

In this article, we’ll cover how hedge funds and mutual funds are tackling inefficiency by optimizing their mutual fund or hedge fund workflows, the benefits of which are termed “operational alpha.”

What Is Operational Alpha? A Definition

Operational alpha is the bottom-line savings achieved by improving fund efficiency, processes, and workflows.

Operational alpha is value generated by the firm outside of a fund’s portfolio. Operational alpha is becoming an important concept as funds grow in size and complexity.

Why Fund Workflows Matter

A smooth, strong fund workflow can improve operational performance & efficiency, reduce the need for compliance to interfere, help teams learn from success & failure, and ultimately, get the best ideas into the portfolio sooner.

Execution is everything. The right tools make a meaningful difference.

As the Hedge Fund Journal puts it:

The brilliance of the market strategy and the execution skill of the analyst won’t make any difference if the quality of the data inputs and the execution tools aren’t up to scratch. Indeed, a suitable analogy would be employing a master carpenter to build one’s home whilst only allowing him access to poor quality tools.

Performance: Front-office workflows can be overlooked by some funds. But with process efficiency and automation, teams can nearly eliminate the drag created by jumping around between tools and platforms and focus on what they are rewarded for: driving alpha.

Compliance: Whether the need for heightened cybersecurity  or the looming threat of an SEC audit, many funds are finding that compliance safeguards and workflows can reduce disruptions and streamline reporting.

Confidence: How quickly are ideas moving into the portfolio? Are you learning from successes and failures? Good workflows bring confidence to funds by helping them do more of what’s working.

Related Content: ‘My Process Isn’t Broken’ & 4 More Research Fallacies

What Is a Good Hedge Fund Research Workflow? The 3 Cs

The best workflow will be the one that works best for your team. At Verity, we categorize research workflows using the following framework.

hedge fund workflow of capture, collaborate, and consume

When we pay attention to front-office teams and how they participate in the process of pushing ideas through this pipeline, we can uncover where issues may be and how to best resolve them.

From idea generation to compliance and monitoring, here are some examples of typical fund workflows and customizations prized by customers of Verity’s research management system.

Analyst Research Workflows

If you want to accelerate and/or scale a workflow, you need to reduce the processing power required to create and digest the information in the first place.

If, as an analyst, you need to start from scratch every time you are putting together your analysis, then you also have to make adjacent decisions about format, priority, and structure of information. It slows you down. If, as a portfolio manager, you are receiving recommendations, briefings, and more in a variety of formats, it stalls your ability to see the signal from the noise.

The best way to combat this workflow inefficiency is to standardize the information that’s getting shared, and create a sense of cohesion with the investment process.

VerityRMS customers take advantage of the out-of-the-box and customizable note templates available. They often require analysts to provide essential information for investments (such as target prices, thesis, upcoming catalysts, ESG indicators, etc.) or calls with expert networks (such as the name of the provider, compliance approval, or point value of call).

note template used to optimize hedge fund workflows

With templates, analysts don’t have to reinvent the wheel. PMs can review notes with a high signal-to-noise ratio.

Modeling & Data Workflows

What triggers are analysts monitoring? How many different places do they have to go to get them?

One way to optimize a workflow is to consolidate the inputs, put the important information in one place. Not only good for saving time, this adds a layer of context that can help analysts make connections quicker than they have before.

You may want to pull in ESG data via Sustainalytics, insider activity data via VerityData, or another 3rd party data provider.

esg ratings data research workflows

Funds are consolidating data inputs, like ESG ratings, to reduce analyst legwork.

When you update a model, is it syncing with other data properly? Is it going everywhere it needs to go? Is data across analysts models easily consumable in one place?

Many hedge funds use the VerityRMS Excel integration to ensure all of the above.

The RMS add-in sits on-top your team’s proprietary model structure, ingesting the fields you care about.  Without ever leaving Excel, estimates, price targets and more can be fed to the RMS, creating custom views for portfolio managers, more effectively tracking model data over time.

Compliance Workflows

Compliance tasks, though necessary, typically disrupt an analyst’s workday. At the same time, compliance officers must track down the information they need, which may be spotty in the first place.

Some hedge funds are proactive about enforcing compliance protocols. For example, they set a limit on what can be downloaded from the RMS. Others simply wish to monitor if many notes are downloaded at once; or view the iteration history of a note.

versioning to streamline fund workflows

Example VerityRMS note history shows all versions of a recommendation.

Tracking expert network calls is another compliance-related workflow optimization. If you use a structured note template to capture details of the call (broker, rating, compliance questionnaire, etc.), then the RMS can pull the note and its metadata (date, author, tag/ticker, company) into a dashboard, as shown below, that can confirm compliance questions were answered prior to the expert call.

tracking analyst interactions makes compliance easy

By tracking expert network calls, fund have compliance benefits, but can also determine which brokers must be paid.

Perhaps most importantly, with VerityRMS compliance officers will have full access and audit insights into the entire investment story.  All content, data and notes that went into an investment decision is automatically organized and only a click or two away – without having to bother the investment team.

Portfolio Management Workflows

Another common use case for a fund workflow is to use the RMS as a portfolio management tool.

Recommendations from analysts can populate a dashboard tracking active and passed ideas, price targets, theses and more.

In VerityRMS, these fields are entirely customizable, and can be integrated with your holdings and/or PMS system. You can get market data from Refinitiv, or any other third-party, for actionable, performant, and market-driven workflows within the RMS. Many investors create custom landing pages so the RMS does the work for them.

One of an infinite number of possible dashboards . PMs can also integrate an internal or 3rd party portfolio tool with the No-Code Toolkit.

ESG & Impact Investing Workflows

More and more firms are integrating ESG processes into the RMS.  Impact investing and engagement tracking, for example, are essential to many asset manager mandates. But creating insights and reporting can be difficult.

Many funds use VerityRMS to streamline ESG issue tracking, engagement, and impact processes. The result has positive impacts on portfolio management, investor queries, and regulatory requirements.

How integrated is ESG nto your research process? Many funds track things like engagement (above) to optimize efficiency.

Bottom Line

Hopefully, these examples provided transparency into how hedge funds are improving their front-office workflows and driving operational alpha.

As mentioned, the best workflow is the one that works for your team. At Verity, we work with funds all over the world, making sure to keep what sets you apart stays intact. At the same time, we can introduce workflow efficiencies that are nearly universal across firms.

Could VerityRMS Bring Value to Your Fund?

Discover how you can accelerate winning investment decisions with better intelligence, a leaner workflow, and quicker confidence >> 

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